Race Report -1st July 2019

North Downs Run – Sunday 30th June 2019

Sunday’s North Downs Run promised “the finest scenery in Southern England”. The race represented a distance debut for some in the A&D contingent; for others, a case of unfinished business or simply a return to a much-loved course. Regardless of their motivation, the scorching conditions and unyielding hills were a test of resolve.

Andrew Noble was first home for the club in 2hr 20min 57sec, winning Silver at the British Masters Athletics Federation (BMAF) 30K Trail Running Championships. Jon Pearce finished in 2.23.36, followed by Mark Attenborough in 2.51.04. Aurelie Morris and Tracey Calnan crossed the finish line together in 3.21.21. Paul Brasington (3.27.35) was next home for the club, followed by Steve Hickman (3.42.47). Lucy Johnstone achieved an impressive PB of 3.58.30. Hugh Scarlin then completed the course in 4.31.48, followed by Sarah Taylor in 4.34.43.


Port Lympne 5K Challenge– Sunday 30th June 2019

Also racing under the weekend’s fierce sun, Filiz Salih took on the Port Lympne 5K Challenge on Sunday. Finishing with a time of 29min 15sec, Salih won the First Lady prize.

Humber Bridge Half Marathon – Sunday 30th June 2019

Two club runners travelled to Yorkshire for the 20th Humber Bridge Half Marathon on Sunday. The course takes runners over the famous suspension bridge and features a section affectionately known as “Cardiac Hill”, a mile-long steep incline in the second half of the course. Eddie Rodger finished in 1hr 48min 45sec, followed by Helen Weeden in 2.27.38

East Kent Road Relays, Samphire Hoe – Tuesday 25th June 2019

The penultimate race of East Kent Road Relay series took place at Samphire Hoe on Tuesday evening. With the end in their sights, A&D faced increasingly strong competition from astute contending clubs.

In the A League, inspired runs from Senior Men brought them to finish third on the night, well ahead of opposing South Kent Harriers; as a result, the team are now joint third in the standings. Despite fierce competition from Thanet, V40 Men won their category and maintained their position at second overall.  V50 Men staunchly defended their position at the top of the rankings.

A League Senior Ladies remain in fifth place, with Emma Jenkins running an exceptional leg. Elodie Paviot and Becks Macey also showed marked improvement on the course, with V35 Ladies winning their category on the night, remaining securely in fourth position overall and a mere two points away from Dover RR, in second place.  V45 Ladies put in impressive runs, with Christine Costiff significantly improving her course time; the team are now joint third in their category.

In the B League, Senior Men remain firmly in sixth place overall, with noteworthy run from Neil Woodham on the night. Stellar performances from V40 and V50 Men saw both win on the night; both sit securely at the top of their categories, five points clear of contending teams.

Also in poll position, B League Senior and V35 Ladies both remain at the top of their categories, with a remarkable run from Sue Reader. V45 Ladies are now second.

Bexhill 5K – Wednesday 26th June 2019

Steve Hickman competed in Bexhill’s Seafront 5K on Wednesday evening, finishing the three-lap course in 26min 23sec.

Race Report – 24th June 2019

A&D made the most of the extra daylight hours leading up to the Summer Solstice this week, competing in evening races in Kent, East Sussex and Iceland.

Robertsbridge Midsummer 10K – Friday 21st June 2019

In East Sussex, Christine Costiff came out on top in the Robertsbridge Midsummer 10K, claiming the First Lady prize with a time of 46min 36sec. The hilly route featured both on- and off-road sections, with muddy conditions underfoot on the evening.

Midnight Sun Run Half Marathon – Thursday 20th June 2019

A few degrees south of the Arctic Circle, three club members travelled to Reykjavik for the Midnight Sun Run. Setting off at nine o’clock in the evening, the trio ran 13.1 miles under the region’s famous ‘Midnight Sun’. The demanding course marked Jones’ and Kuske’s first half-marathon. Segust was first home in 2hr 2min 35sec, followed by Jones in 2.06.43 and Kuske 2.51.33.

Kent Golden Mile & 5K – Wednesday 19th June 2019

A&D gave their all at the Kent Golden Mile on Wednesday evening, despite a headwind and the warmth of the evening. Dan Green finished in 5min 25sec, making him first in his age category and eighth overall. Stu Nunn was next home for the club and second in his age category, with a PB time of 6.14. Neil Woodham finished in 6.20, followed by Aaron Homewood in a PB time of 6.43. Claiming her first PB of the evening, Sarah Homewood (7.42) was second in her age category, followed by Lesley Moody (9.05) and Becky Hodgson (9.56).

In the 5K race, Dan Green was fifth overall and first Male V45, with a time of 18.53. Stu Nunn was second in his age category, in 22.31. Darren Fagg (22.42) was next home for the club, followed by Neil Woodham (23.16) and Aaron Homewood (23.43). Steve Hickman crossed the finish line in 25.33, whilst Sarah Homewood (26.16) achieved another PB and was first Female V40. Lucy Johnstone (28.42) was second Female V35.  Becky Hodgson finished in 33.55.

Sandwich 10K – Sunday 23rd June 2019

Over the weekend, A&D took on a variety of 10K races in the South East. A number headed to Sandwich for the 10K race around the town and surrounding villages. Adrian Moody was first home for the club in 45min 58sec, followed by Philip Bridges in 49.24. Claire Green finished in 52.00, with Ailis Goddard crossing the line shortly after in 55.41.

Weybridge 10K – Sunday 23rd June 2019

Becks Macey was on fine form for the Weybridge 10K on Sunday, finishing in a season’s best time of 43min 25sec. The undulating course featured a section along the River Thames, with hot and humid conditions on the day.

Latest Club news…

Race Report – Monday 10th June 2019

In a weekend packed full of races A&D demonstrated outstanding teamwork alongside strong individual performances, with runners winning a range of prizes, achieving remarkable PBs and persevering through difficulties.

Charing 10K – Friday 7th June 2019

Friday evening’s Charing 10K marked the beginning of a busy weekend of races. High winds and a notoriously tough hill before the halfway mark proved no match for A&D.

Jon Wells was first home for the club and 9th overall, with a time of 41:27. Paul Moses won the 1st  Male V55 prize in 42:52. Becks Macey cinched the 1st Lady prize, crossing the finish line in 44:39. Tracey Calnan was third lady home in 48:35.  Aaron Homewood finished in 48:48, closely followed by Stu Nunn (49:41) and Philip Bridges (50:10). Aurelie Morris was second in her age category, with a time of 51:46, followed by Filiz Salih (52:01). Sarah Homewood (56:14) and Hugh Scarlin (57:39) both achieved PB times on the course. Lucy Johnstone crossed the finish line in 1:02:42, followed by Helen Weeden (1:04:25), Sarah Taylor (1:05:25) and Rachel Jenkins (1:10:05).

Tenterden 10K and 5K – Sunday 9th June 2019

A&D’s teamwork came out on top at the Tenterden 10K. Running along the Weald’s country lanes, Elodie Paviot was first home for the club and 20th overall, with a time of 46:37. Seconds later, Max Dallison crossed the finish line in 46:41, making him 21st. James Phillips achieved another spectacular PB, finishing in 48:24 and placing 26th. Together, the trio claimed the 1st Team prize.

The Yew Tree Staplehurst 10k – Sunday 9th June 2019

Elsewhere in the Weald, the club was well represented at the Staplehurst 10K. Andrew Noble won 1st Male V55 and placed sixth overall, with a time of 38:25. Adrian Moody finished in 44:20, making him third in his age category.

Maidstone Riverside 10K and 10 mile – Sunday 9th June 2019

On the River Medway, two club runners put in determined efforts to complete the Maidstone 10-mile race, running through sickness and severe stitches. Ailis Goddard finished in 1:36:16, followed by Emma Konstantinou in 1:39:03.


St. Albans Half Marathon – Sunday 9th June 2019

Further afield, Mark Cleworth travelled to Hertfordshire for the St. Alban’s Half Marathon. The hilly route offered picturesque views along country lanes surrounding the city. Cleworth crossed the finish line in 1:58:30.


SVN D-Day Challenge – Thursday 6th June 2019

Earlier in the week, Becky Hodgson and Rik Holden took on the SVN D-Day Challenge at Birchington, marking the 75th anniversary of the D-Day landings. From Minnis Bay, the looping marathon course took runners along the sea wall and to Reculver Towers. Holden finished with a time of 3:43:00; Hodgson completed the course in 6:30:33.


Race Report – 3rd June 2019

East Kent Road Relays, Minnis Bay – Tuesday 28th May 2019

The second inter-club relay race of the summer series took place in Minnis Bay on Tuesday evening, with 44 A&D runners competing. Despite strong competition and a coastal breeze on the night, the teams showed resolve to maintain their place in the standings.

In the A League, Senior Men are now fifth, with a standout performance from Julius Samson. Keith Haynes and Mark Harrison shaved vital seconds from their previous times on the course, whilst James Booth marked his relay debut; together with Rob Butler, the Vet 40 team placed second. The combined efforts of Andrew Noble, Scotty Lynch and Paul Moses brought the V50 Men to sit at the top of their category.

A League Senior Ladies placed fifth, with Elodie Paviot and Tracey Calnan showing great improvement. V35 ladies stand at fifth position in their rankings. V45 Ladies placed fourth, with both Gill O’Connor and Christine Costiff running outstanding legs.

In the B League, Senior Men are now sixth, with Neil Woodham putting in an impressive run. Showing admirable focus and determination, Stu Nunn, Darren Fagg, John Beale and Aaron Homewood brought V40 Men to the top of their category, winning over Thanet by 15 seconds. V50 Men returned to their winning ways, coming first on the night which has now placed them third overall. The V50 C team also put in a noteworthy performance, with course PBs from Will Whittington and Trevor Sparkes.

B League Senior Ladies claimed the top spot in their rankings, with Sarah Homewood beating her previous time by over a minute. Similarly, Emma Jenkins put in a remarkable performance and V35 Ladies are now in second place. V45 Ladies also sit at second place, with marked improvement from Sandi Mortimer and Lesley Moody.

SVN Spring Cakeathon – Monday 27th May 2019


In North Kent, two club members completed the SVN Spring Cakeathon on Bank Holiday Monday. Fuelled by cake on each lap, the rolling course was based on trail and cycle paths. Becky Hodgson ran five laps, totalling 16.4 miles in 3:59:56. In her first SVN event, Lisa Jones covered six laps, totalling 19.6 miles in a PB time of 4:24:00.




Near as Dammit 10K – Thursday 30th May 2019

Gill O’Connor travelled to the Farthing Downs midweek for the Near as Dammit 10K, a course featuring tough hills and uneven camber. Racing on a warm summer evening, O’Connor finished in 53:09.

Needles Half Marathon – Sunday 2nd June 2019

On the Isle of Wight, “one of the toughest and most scenic half-marathons in the country” promised a cross-country challenge for Steve Hickman. Negotiating hills, narrow paths and gates whilst taking in the stunning views offered along the course, Hickman crossed the finish line in 2:13:10.


Race Report – 27th May 2019

Folkestone Coastal 10K – Sunday 26th May 2019

Ashford & District turned out in force for the Folkestone Coastal 10K on Sunday, with several claiming prizes and PBs. The race ran along the seafront promenade between Folkestone and Hythe, with runners contending with a strong headwind on the course out and beating sun on the return leg.

Julius Samson was first home for the club, and 15th overall, with a time of 39:10. In 22nd place, Jon Wells crossed the finish line in 40:46. James Booth was 5th in his age category in 41:48. John Beale was next over the finish line in a PB time of 44:54. Adrian Beresford (45:51) and Adrian Moody (45:55) then crossed the line in quick succession. Ian Grundy (46:17) claimed the prize for 1st Male V60, followed by Darren Fagg (46:28). James Phillips (46:43) and Philip Bridges (47:50) both achieved PB times, with Stu Nunn (47:55) hot on their heels. Neil Woodham was next home for the club in 48:45, followed by Don Dewar (49:26), Will Whittington (50:26), Mark Cleworth with a PB of 51:08 and Keith Lynn (55:31).

Becks Macey was first lady home for the club, claiming 1st Female V35 and 3rd Lady prizes; Elodie Paviot (45:45) and Tracey Calnan (46:51) were both 2nd in their respective age categories. Together, they were awarded the Ladies Team Prize.  Nicola Moffat completed the course in 48:17. Sandi Mortimer won 1st Female V50 with a time of 49:40, closely followed by Aurelie Morris in 50:30. Ailis Goddard finished in a PB time of 53:12. Lucy Johnstone was next home for the club in 58:49, followed by Rachel Jenkins (1:01:32) and Lesley Moody (1:03:05). Emma Jenkins achieved a PB of 1:05:56.

Rock ‘n’ Roll Liverpool Marathon – Sunday 26th May 2019

Filiz Salih travelled to Merseyside for the Rock ‘n’ Roll Liverpool marathon on Sunday. With live music to motivate runners along the hilly course, the event culminated in a ‘Finish Line Festival’. Salih finished with a PB time of 4:07:44.

The Rye 10 – Sunday 26th May 2019

In the Sussex countryside, Sarah Taylor completed The Rye 10 in 1:51:31. The undulating course took runners along country lanes surrounding Rye.

East Kent Road Relays, Folkestone – Tuesday 21st May 2019

The East Kent Road Relays got underway this week, with 49 A&D runners heading to Folkestone for the first race in the inter-club series. Forming the second largest team competing, the club’s cohesive effort put A&D in a strong position going forward.

In the A League, Senior Men placed 4th, with Scotty Lynch putting in a stand-out performance. V40 Men and V50 Men shone, with Julius Samson, Mark Harrison and Carl Ireland showing improved performances and both teams placing 2nd. Senior Ladies, V35 and V45 Ladies teams were all 4th in their rankings, with improved individual times from Elodie Paviot, Christine Costiff and Gill O’Connor.

In the B League, Senior Men placed 5th, with Neil Woodham putting in an outstanding run for the club. V40 Men placed 2nd, with a remarkable performance from Keith Lynn, whilst V50 Men placed 4th. Senior Ladies Laura Segust, Lisa Jones and Sarah Taylor showed tremendous effort and improvement, placing their team 1st in the rankings. Sue Reader, Lesley Moody and Emma Jenkins ran impressive legs, with V35 and V45 Ladies teams both placing 2nd.

Race Report – 20th May 2019

Race Report – 20th May 2019
Bedgebury Forest Canicross Challenge 5K – Sunday 19th May 2019

Christine Costiff (and canine companion Rufus) completed the 5K Canicross challenge around Bedgebury Forest. Costiff was 2nd lady and 3rd overall across the finish line, with a time of 21:13.

Red Bull Quicksand – Saturday 18th May 2019
Two club members travelled to the Margate for the Red Bull Quicksand event on Saturday. The event challenged runners with two half-mile laps of a “leg-sapping” sandy course featuring giant sandcastles and deep trenches; some obstacles exceeded 28 feet in height.
Anthony Brown finished his heat in 11:11 and went on to compete in the Men’s Semi-Finals, finishing with a time of 11:26. Running through injury, Rhian Shrimplin crossed the finish line in 13:32, making her 9th lady out of 37 in her heat; Shrimplin withdrew from her semi-final place due to injury.


Race Report – 15th April 2019

Sunday marked the start of the start of Marathon season, with A&D runners and supporters travelling to the South Coast, the continent and further afield for their races. Debut and seasoned marathoners alike felt the benefit of months of focused training and the club’s support.

Brighton Marathon – Sunday 14th April 2019

A Brighton-bound coach full of runners and supporters left Ashford in the early hours of Sunday morning. Paul Ridley was first home for the club with a PB of 3:09:49, closely followed by Julius Samson in 3:10:17. Carl Ireland was next over the finish line in 3:38:54, followed by Rob Barton with a PB of 3:47:25. Max Dallison finished in 4:01:23, followed by Ricky Hickman in a PB time of 4:10:43. One of only 102 runners to have competed in every one of the ten Brighton Marathons to date, Steve Hickman finished in 4:11:53; the achievement was marked with a distinctive bib and commemorative medal. Making his marathon debut, Shaun Snowwolf-Harris completed the course in 4:27:55. Mark Cleworth was next home for the club in 4:34:32. Also marking their marathon debuts, Keith Lynn finished in 4:48:40, followed by Hugh Scarlin in 4:57:19. Paul Spencer was next man home for the club in 5:09:35.

In her first marathon Becks Macey ran an superb time of 3:28:57. Gill O’Connor claimed 2nd in her age category with a time of 3:38:32. Christine Costiff crossed the finish line 60 seconds later, placing her 4th in the age category with a time of 3:39:32. Sandi Mortimer broke through the four-hour time barrier, achieving a PB of 3:57:14. Tracey Calnan was next lady home for the club in 4:04:37. Sarah Homewood achieved a PB time of 4:36:03, followed by Ailis Goddard in 4:47:33 and Kim McHenry in 5:31:55.

BM 10k- Sunday 14th April 2019

Lucy Johnstone continued her London Marathon preparation, completing the Brighton Marathon 10k race in 58:30.

Marathon de Paris -Sunday 14th April 2019

Across the Channel, two A&D runners competed in the Marathon de Paris. Marking his 50th marathon to date, and his 5th so far this year, Rik Holden completed the course in 3:32:00. Karine Reid achieved a PB time of 5:18:47.

Jamaica Pond Parkrun, Boston, USA – Saturday 13th April 2019

Across the Atlantic Scotty Lynch (25:06) and Andrew Noble (25:27) completed the 5K around Boston’s Jamaica Pond, ready for the city’s prestigious Marathon on Monday.

Kent Spring Marathon and Half Marathon – Sunday 7th April 2019

A&D runners achieved PB times in the Kent Spring Marathon and Half Marathon on Sunday. The course featured sections of the Pilgrims Way and challenging hills. Taking more than 10 minutes off his previous best time over marathon distance, Aaron Homewood achieved a brilliant PB of 4:10:39. In the half marathon, Filiz Salih also achieved a PB of 1:48:36.
Paddock Wood Half Marathon – Sunday 7th April 2019
Four club members took on the 30th Paddock Wood Half Marathon on Sunday. Marking his third half-marathon PB in the past month, Keith Haynes was first home for the club in 1:33:32. Getting faster with every race, James Phillips also achieved a PB of 1:39:25. Paul Brasington (1:46:01) and Stu Nunn (1:46:03) were next home for the club, crossing the finish line in quick succession.
SVN Cookiethon – Sunday 7th April 2019
Sunday saw Sue Reader head to the Kent Coast for the cookie-based challenge event. The out-and-back course consisted of 3.75-mile segments. Reader covered 23 miles 4:35:41.
Riddlesdown Parkrun – Saturday 6th April 2019
Gill O’Connor was 1st in her age category at the Riddlesdown Parkrun on Saturday, with a time of 22:26.
Ashford Parkrun – Saturday 6th April 2019
A&D ladies were on fine form at the weekly 5K, with Christine Costiff (21:15) and Elodie Paviot (22:26) claiming 1st and 2nd lady home. Ailis Goddard was next over the finish line with a PB of 25:42. Sandi Mortimer completed the course in 25:51, followed by Ann Fidge (29:00), Emma Jenkins (31:32), Sarah Taylor (33:55), Becky Hodgson (33:56) and Debbie Payne (34:44).
The club’s men also turned out in force for the race. Mark Harrison was 5th overall in 19:51, closely followed by Dan Green (19:53) in 6th and Paul Moses (19:58) in 7th. Julius Samson (20:45) and Scotty Lynch (20:45) finished in 11th and 12th places, respectively. John Beale completed the course in a PB time of 21:03, with Carl Ireland (21:04) close behind. Adrian Beresford (22:02) marked his 5th consecutive PB on the course, closely followed by Darren Fagg (22:08) also in PB time. Ian Grundy (22:34), Will Whittington (23:47), Rod Kessack (24:32) and John Fidge (25:57) were next over the finish line. Paul Brasington completed the course in 26:45, followed by Keith Haynes (27:55) and Trevor Sparkes (29:53).
By Verity Dunbar

Ashford & District RRC Race Report 18th March 2019

Ricki Savage Thanet 20 Mile Road Race – Sunday 17th March 2019
Facing a mixture of Spring sunshine, wind and hail, nine A&D runners took to the Kent coast for the Ricki Savage 20 Mile Road Race on Sunday. The hilly course took runners between Pegwell, Ramsgate and Broadstairs, with three club members achieving PB times.
Rob Barton was 24th out of 242 runners and 10th in his age category with a time of 2:38:03. Anthony Brown was second man home for the club in 3:00:41. Shaun Snowwolf-Harris completed the course in a PB time of 3:03:08. Both running PB times, Aaron Homewood (3:05:59) and Sarah Homewood (3:29:04) were next across the finish line. Ailis Goddard finished in 3:33:55, followed by Lucy Johnstone (3:44:24), Sue Reader (3:47:51) and Rhian Shrimplin (3:59:25).
Bath Half Marathon – Sunday 17th March 2019
Mark Cleworth completed the Bath Half in 1:50:09, marking his fastest time over the distance in over 20 years. The course consisted of two laps, taking runners either side of the River Avon.
Eton Dorney 20 – Saturday 16th March 2019
Two club members travelled to Windsor on Saturday for the Eton Dorney 20. The eight-lap course took runners around Dorney Lake. Despite high winds, Christine Costiff (2:46:37) and Gill O’Connor (2:46:39) claimed 2nd and 3rd Vet places, respectively.
Ashford Parkrun – Saturday 16th March 2019
Jon Pearce claimed 1st place with a time of 18:20, followed by Dan Green (18:55) in 5th, Scotty Lynch (19:22) in 6th and James Booth (19:55) in 10th. Paul Moses (20:12) finished in 13th place, followed by Keith Haynes (20:36) and Mark Harrison (20:43). Mark Attenborough (21:34) was next over the finish line, with Adrian Beresford achieving a PB time of 22:17. Dean Bracken (22:41) and Stu Nunn (22:57) crossed the finish line in quick succession, followed by Terry Sellen (24:21), Elodie Paviot (24:35), Rod Kessack (24:59) and Will Whittington (25:05). Keith Lynn was next home for the club in 26:11, followed by Trevor Sparkes (26:38), John Fidge (27:24) and Ann Fidge (30:35). Emma Jenkins achieved her third consecutive PB in recent weeks, with a time of 30:45. Becky Hodgson completed the course in 34:58, Julie Foster in 39:25, Rachel Jenkins in 43:03 and Debbie Payne in 44:48.
By Verity Dunba

A&D Runners Race Through Challenging Conditions Mar 11 2019

The extremely high winds did not deter the athletes of Ashford and District Road Running Club from racing a total of over 400 miles this weekend.

Becky Hodgson provided a tremendous start to the weekend running over 50 miles in the Samphire Challenge Endurance Run.

The club were well represented at the Big Half in London. First finisher for the club was Tracey Calnan with a personal best of 1:41:20, followed by Don Dewar with a time of 1:49:05, Ingvild Drake finished in 1:51:12, Shane Snowwolf Harris ran a time of 1:52:29, Aurelie Claudel Morris only 3 months after surgery ran an impressive 2:00:32, Shelly Gwilt Blake completed the course in 2:44:30.

The Lydd 20 mile and half marathon races felt the full force of the high winds on Sunday morning. Conditions were extremely difficult with fallen trees an added challenge. Andrew Noble led the runners home finishing 34th in 2:19:47, Paul Ridley 46th (2:22:12) and Scott Lynch 49th (2:22:49), all reaping the benefit from an intense marathon training programme. Rob Barton, getting stronger with every run, finished in 2:35:53. Carl Ireland continues his recent good form with 2:39:46.

Chris Costiff took first place in the ladies V55 category with a time of 2:38:31. Filiz Salah Running alongside Sophie Edmonds ran 3:26:43 and 3:26:45 respectively. Sarah Taylor completed the course in 3:50:27.

First finisher for the club in the half marathon was Jon Wells in 1:30:00. Keith Hayes, despite the dreadful conditions achieved a personal best time of 1:34:48, 28th overall and 7th in the V40 competition. Laura Segust also ran a strong race to finish with a time of 1:58:21.

Mike Davis ran the Liverpool half marathon finishing in second place in his age category with a time of 1:45:08. Further strengthening an already impressive run Britain ranking.

The club were well represented at Ashford Park Run on Saturday morning. Jon Pearce, Dan Green and Tomasz Latala all finished in the top ten. Mark Attenborough, Mark Harrison, Ian Grundy and Carl Ireland, warming up for the Lydd race, also took part. Nicola Moffat made her park run debut with a time of 23:47 and was 4th lady finisher. Other club runners included William Whittington, Terry Sellen, Rod Kessack, Lisa Jones Keith Lynn, Elodie Paviot, Lucy Johnstone, Rachel Jenkins, Verity Dunbar, also making her park run debut with 30:51, Emma Jenkins with a personal best time of 31:18, Sarah Taylor, Lesley Moody, Deborah Payne, and Julie Foster showing continued improvement.

By Paul Moses